Tech history 101

Know your history — Internet edition

JAXenter Editorial Team
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© Shutterstock / Inspiring (modified)

Now that our trivia series has come to a conclusion, we wouldn’t want you to cry over the void it left! So, we start a brand new fun and informative series to keep you company, entertain, and educate you! Meet “Know your history” — part one! Class is in session!

We know that you already miss our fun trivia series so we simply could not leave you hanging!

It is time to move on to bigger and, hopefully, better things!

The JAXenter team proudly presents our new series: “Know your history”!

Over the next weeks, we will be revisiting aspects of tech history, concepts, and tools that are nowadays taken for granted among developers and tech professionals to the extent that we cannot even pinpoint how or approximately when they came into existence!

This series aims to be as educational as it will be fun and entertaining!

We wanted the first part to be a clean introduction to this series as well as the tech history itself. And what better way to do that than revising the birth of the internet — the power that drives it all!

The early days — Thank God for Sputnik

It all started after the Soviet Union launched Sputnik on October 4, 1957. Sputnik was a satellite that, frankly, didn’t do that much; it just wandered aimlessly in outer space!

That was enough, however, to alert the Americans who, up to that point, were mostly concerned with advancing their automobile and television technology! But no more!

The fear of cold war and a possible attack of the Soviets on the country’s telephone system was what gave birth to the concept of “galactic network“, a network of computers that could talk to one another!

Interesting fact: In 1976, Queen Elizabeth II hits the “send button” on her first email.

The first attempt at communication from one computer to another happened on October 29, 1969, as Charley Kline sent the first packets on ARPANet as from UCLA to Stanford Research Institute.

The message was clear and short: LOGIN. The only problem was that the system crashed right before Kline got to type G. What a bummer.

So near, yet so far — It’s a World Wide Web

For some, it may feel like yesterday, but it is shocking when you realize that it has been 44 years since the establishment of the first Internet Service Provider (ISP) with the introduction of a commercial version of ARPANET, known as Telenet in 1974!

8 years after that, in 1982, Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP) emerged as the protocol for ARPANet and it remains the standard protocol for the Internet.

Interesting fact: In 1995,, the first online dating site, was launched. 

The years 1990 and 1991 were among the most revolutionary in tech history with CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) contributing two inventions that shaped the Internet into what we know today. First, in 1990,  Tim Berners-Lee, a scientist at CERN, develops the HyperText Markup Language (HTML) and the following year, CERN introduces the World Wide Web to the public.

From that point on, magic spread all over!

Back to the future — The power that runs it all

What do we have to say about the internet today? It’s here, it’s there, it’s everywhere!

The Internet is entertainment, communication, storage, information … basically everything!

According to the latest data, almost one-third of the world’s 6.8 billion people use the Internet regularly.

We have coffee machines connected to the internet! What more should we talk about?!

the internet

Miss a week of class? We’ve got your make-up work right here. Check out other chapters in our Know Your History series!

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