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Best practices & tips

Best software development & testing practices

Gaurav Gupta
© Shutterstock / vs148

Software development and testing practices are essential. Good software development practices come with many positive effects, including boosted productivity, client satisfaction, and faster delivery. In this article, you will learn some of the best software development and testing practices to take, and what it can bring to you and your teams.

Software development in 2019

Approximately 29% of software development companies have no plans to switch their existing programming language. Companies are certainly driving themselves to stability in niche expertise. It can be easily adjudged that the core objective of a majority of businesses to create USPs around software development quality standards. But there is a twist.

Despite extensively adapted data-driven approach, approximately 27% of companies do not use any credible software development performance metrics. It certainly gives rise to the opportunity of enhancing software performance with the best software development and testing practices. Despite a significant shift in focus towards mobile apps, it is essential to understand that the core of every product idea will always reside within the web-based resources and websites. Ultimately, they will enhance your brand reputation. 

Why software development & testing practices are essential

Software development and testing techniques are extremely crucial in the highly competitive IT business space. It is a commonly known fact that the IT industry faces budget overruns and mismanagement of time material resources. It is very critical to understand and demand close follow-ups of the best software development and testing practices. Good software development practices enable you to:

  • Cover budget overrun
  • Deliver before time
  • Exceed functional requirements
  • Outperform non-functional requirements
  • Boost productivity
  • Build client satisfaction

Best software development practices

Always choose an agile SDLC model

Choosing an agile software development lifecycle model is a must for every company. It is important to deal with agile methodologies sophisticatedly through spiral, waterfall, agile, and rapid development lifecycle models. Each model has a distinctive approach, which is different from the other. Such a model can be chosen depending upon factors like cost, the scale of the project, and the clients’ mindset towards requirements and probabilities of dynamic requirements. 

SEE ALSO: AI and machine learning in software development: Benefits for developers

Another great option is to choose between an MVP or EVP. You may go for a minimum viable product (MVP) or an exceptionally viable product (EVP) depending upon cost and functionality constraints. 

What are agile methodologies?

Agile methodologies should not be confused with a particular SDLC. It is an overall 360° approach comprising of routines and practices that help you cover the dynamics of business and floating requirements. It runs through the project and client-handling at different points in time during the project. Software Development Companies should never underestimate the abilities of SAFe, scrum coaches, and agile masters. It is always a beneficial resource to have at your hand-stretch when you hire a scrum master or project consultant for high-level project management.

Never leave unsecured APIs

Instances like:

  • Compromised banking details in UPI frameworks
  • Easy cyber attacks on the Aadhaar platform 
  • Automatic registration of existing Truecaller users for native UPI service

are results of unsecured APIs. The best software development practices always include bulletproof security of functional code and smaller automation code snippets. They form an indispensable part of the software routine for the product development lifecycle. Software development companies and technology enthusiasts can look up to new age DevSecOps practices. 

They can also enable the resources with the latest SSL protocols for client-server gateways. It is essential to take note that, by default, all application layer tools are not using any encryption protocols or data privacy measures.

For instance, let us take say a software development project requires suggestive search technology. You plan to use Elastic for it. The database abstraction models and mappings in a non-relational database are all uncovered. They are soft targets for people with malicious intentions. Thus, it is always good to use either native for third party security measures for all your tools and resources. 

Focus on dependency injections

The best software development practices include permanent solutions to all possible dependency injection. Development frameworks that interact with tools need serious attention with a troubleshooting mind. It can be quickly done by a very sophisticated approach in choosing the right technology stack. Further, you should look for compatible tools that go with your platform or the native mobile app framework (either of them is a must). Whichever makes a larger share of your overall software project, your dependency management efforts should be aligned in that particular direction.

Make proper use of software development quality metrics

Software development quality metrics form a very integral part of the best software development & testing practices. The level of software development quality metrics will eventually determine your approach for rigorously testing the application software for high octane performance. Companies should make use of third-party resources, quality metrics, and project management tools but fundamental concepts like: 

  • Coupling
  • Cohesion
  • Object-oriented software development concepts 
  • Optimized lines of code 

are essential for reduced response time.

Have the right combination of in-house and offshore teams

It is logically proven that the best software development and testing techniques can only be demonstrated with the right combination of in-house and offshore teams. It is vital to building an in-house team for repetitive long-term tasks which increase the cost feasibility.

While super niche and expertise demanding development tasks should be outsourced to the best web development company. Quality is of utmost importance, but it is highly critical to ensure the shrinking time material cost as well. Keeping your options open for outsourcing custom development tasks is equally beneficial in software development and testing phase. There is a particular task of critical automation and cloud-scaled testing, which you can easily outsource cost-effectively.  

Build easy-to-deploy tech stacks, focus on containerized deployment

Using the right set of technology tools and the most appropriate development framework is the pivot of software development strategy. It is the most critical decision of any software development project. The choice of a tech stack depends upon:

  • Scalability
  • Availability of developers
  • Complexities of requirements
  • Nature of technology business
  • Compatibility with tools. and
  • Difficulty in deployment.

Please note that the choice of software development frameworks and languages should never be influenced by the buzzwords you may come across on the Internet. Nor, it should be driven by any finely propagated technology framework. There should be a multi-dimensional analysis of business requirements against the framework capabilities of all possible programming languages and development frameworks. 

The advice is best validated by the fact that despite so many new-age development options, PHP and JavaScript are still among the most used languages. IT is because of the proven potential and tested capabilities in real-time business environments and scalable technology platforms.

Best software testing practices

Uncompromised testing environment security

The development environment should be strictly characterized very similar to your deployment environment. Similarly, the testing environment should be very similar to a user environment. It is often witnessed that companies try to create user-like testing environments on production platforms. The user data privacy and internal application security are generally undervalued. It leads to significant compromises which can hamper the product reputation, performance, and possibilities of future expansion.

Use test management tools

Best software testing practices foster capabilities of software test management tools like Zephyr, Hiptest, and Practitest. These are very useful for safeguarding ultimate objectives in a custom software project. They are accommodating in containerized deployment. They come with an analytics dashboard where you can use the various monitor types of software testing techniques. It also helps in executable testing approach because of the time management and natural phase-tracking capabilities.

Focus on automating the right tests

Cost feasibility and crunch timelines often drive the best software testing practices towards advance applications of automated testing. But there is a huge catch here. Please understand that not all test cases and test suites are up for blind automation. Such an extremist approach leads to compromised software development outcomes and performance. It is essential to handpick certain test cases that demand large scale repetition and high precision all around the routine. It helps you build an all-round strategy comprising of automation, user-based, and manually monitored tests.

Keep checking for full test suite coverage

Even the best software testing practices are of no use if the test suite (and the overall regime) is unable to provide 100% coverage to all functional requirements. It should directly lead to desired performance metrics. Please do not look for any tool that can help you ensure total coverage of your needs. Project consultants, developers, and a close working software development team must ensure it at various points in time during the software development project.

Opt for cloud-scaled user testing

The best software testing practices can help you thrive for unparalleled software performance. While looking for fantastic performance results, it is crucial to ensure dynamic user scalability of the application software. It often happens that rigorously tested applications are not capable of handling active user requests. It eventually increases the response time, overall turnaround time of fetching data, and spoils the overall customer experience.

You may use cloud computing powered cloud-scaled environment, which helps you increase the number of active users on application software at any point in time. It also lets them perform all permutations and combinations of user journeys possible within the application software. It is an excellent way of analyzing performance and application software. 

Keep verifying functional requirements manually

The best software management tools and testing practices can help you ensure a high-level performance of the application software. None of them is capable of ensuring if you are not missing on any functional requirements. They come into existence during a discussion with your client. An external top-level, third eye view is fundamental to ensure the project is in the best position to terminate with utmost client satisfaction.

Always keep data security and user privacy in mind

GDPR compliant and cloud security of applications is very critical matters that need your attention right now. It is generally ignored but ensuring foolproof encryption of the data warehouse, database-related application layers. Thick isolation of all user profiles is extremely crucial. Digital users are becoming more and more vigilant with time, and user privacy is not something anyone of us would ever compromise. 

Check secured gateway connections & database resources

Using SSL certification for HTTP server and securing all gateway connections and database resources at the native application level is extremely important. It can quickly help you avoid the DDOS attacks and Bot-based cyber attacks that can easily engage your software applications for procuring data. It further leads to compromised user experience and higher-level difficult to track cyber attacks.  

Have a dynamically scalable team

It is essential to allow a fair share of the overall software development budget to the testing phase. It is not a wise idea to trade overall software performance against a small cut down on the budget.  Cost-effective development operations are always desirable, and there is a foolproof way to execute. 

Testing processes generally take a varying amount of human labor and other resources to monitor the ongoing test operations. You can keep dynamically scalable testing teams to reduce costs when fewer people are needed. Then you may scale in case of requirements at the time of user-based testing. 

The most crucial software testing technique

The essential software testing technique is not rocket science. Neither it is a sophisticated tool that you may use. It is all about providing an ample amount of resources and time for user-based testing. It is essential to perform test suites, created a regime, and even execute scalable testing in a real-time environment. 

SEE ALSO: Architecture is an integral part of the software development cycle

There is absolutely nothing comparable to real humans who use the application in real-time and give you feedback. The main objective is to not just improve on the functionalities features and performance. It is to build an emotional hook that can engage users.

How are software testing & development related?

Software development and testing are like a complimentary chain reaction. A company should cultivate the best software development practices. It will be benefited with ease in testing tasks and less hard work for achieving the desired performance metrics. Further, if a company is good with dedicated software application testing and analysis of test reports, it will improve its next software development project. It is imperative to learn from every phase of every project and incorporate the learning for optimized development and testing practices. The best software development and testing techniques let you:

  • Optimize costs
  • Be more profitable
  • Exceed customer expectations
  • Enrich customer experience
  • Magnify business capabilities

Bottom-line

The best software development and testing practices can help you achieve the right numbers and may satisfy our clients to a greater extent. The ultimate crux of success for any project lies in reading the minds of customers and redirecting the efforts. Every feedback is an opportunity to redirect in a more effective, better working, and highly successful application software.

Digital transformation has undoubtedly disrupted the IT business space with flooding projects. The best software development and testing practices can lead you to more stabilized client accounts. They will not only lead to better business endeavors. But also leave you with ample scope of consistent innovation and supreme client servicing in the upcoming years.

Author

Gaurav Gupta

Gaurav has over 12+ years of experience in developing and maintaining large and scalable web and mobile applicationsend-to-end including product conceptualization, design, backend and frontend development, deployment, server management, uptime, reliability, performance and scalability. People like to call him a “full stack” developer.

Twitter profile: https://twitter.com/gauravgupta

Linkedin profile: https://www.linkedin.com/in/gauravgupta123/


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“…an agile software development lifecycle model is a must for every company” – hm, rather disputable, Gaurav. While having in mind all the SDLC https://litslink.com/blog/software-development-life-cycle, we sometimes have to opt for a waterfall. Yes, I know, sounds weird! But some of our Western european clients can’t be in close touch all the time at each sprint. So waterfall is the only option