The 'in' crowd

What languages are dominating GitHub and StackOverflow?

Lucy Carey
medals

Java and JavaScript top RedMonk Programming Language Rankings, and Swift makes a rather modest debut.

What’s dominating GitHub and StackOverflow?
Well, according to the latest
RedMonk
Programming Language
 R
ankings – introduced by
the ‘Monks as a substitute for the now defunct GitHub leagues –
it’s Java and JavaScript, which usually do-si-do between respective
first and second spots. By the way, in case you had the same
knee-jerk gasp of indignation as us, Java and JavaScript are

tied in the top spot, not lumped together as
one.

Now that’s cleared up, let’s take a closer look
at the top ten. Since the

first
of RedMonk’s biannual reports for
2014, there’s been little change among the major players, with the
following languages taking the premier positions :

1. Java / JavaScript

3. PHP

4. Python

5. C #

6. C + / Ruby

8. CSS

9. C

10. Objective-C

There was a little more activity in the ‘teens’
spots, as we can see, with Perl dropping down two places from
January, and Clojure and

Groovy
 drawing even at number
19:

11. Shell

12.  Perl

13. R

14. Scala

15. Haskell

16. Matlab

17. Visual Basic

18. CoffeeScript

19. Clojure / Groovy

As ever, it’s worth taking these rankings with a pinch
of salt. It’s not possible to decipher how representative of the
market as a whole RedMonk’s data truly is, and how qualitative
conclusions about issues like “outlook” or “popularity” can be
drawn on this basis. For a fuller picture, it may well be worth
taking into account other rankings, such as the
TIOBE Index
, which lists the top twenty as thus:

1.   C

2.   Java

3.   Objective-C

4.   C + +

5.   C #

6.   (Visual) Basic

7.   PHP

8.   Python

9.   JavaScript

10. Visual Basic. NET

11. Transact-SQL

12.  Perl

13.  Ruby

14.  ActionScript

15.  F #

16.  Lisp

17.  Delphi / Object Pascal

18.  Pascal

19.  MATLAB

20.  Assembly

Overall, RedMonk report a little more movement
than is typical, but overall, results have been fairly consistent.
One interesting trend outside any spectacular leaps in language
popularity has been the widening correlation gap between GitHub and
Stack Overflow rankings. As the analysts note, whilst this isn’t
news per se, should this continental drift in programming language
traction continue, it would certainly warrant further
investigation.

Other points of interest include the continued rise of Go,
which now sits on the cusp of top twenty rankings at number 21 in
the index. With the steady increase in projects moving onto
Google’s pet language from other alternatives, we could see it make
this jump within the next six to twelve months.

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