The future of Groovy++ is within your Grasp.
JAXenter: The new extension of the Groovy language, Groovy++, is currently a hot topic in the industry. But what exactly is Groovy++?
Dierk König: Groovy + + is an extension of Groovy, which makes Groovy code pretty much as fast as native Java. In addition, you get static type checking plus type inference, yielding the benefits of compile-time safety but without the noise. To use the language extension, you only need one additional jar file in the classpath. Then you can annotate the required code parts - classes for example - with @Typed. The rest happens automatically. This approach takes advantage of Groovy's ability to hook into the compilation step with AST Transformations. The name "Groovy + +" indicates that it is still Groovy, and therefore encompasses the entire beauty of the language syntax while exceeding the standard characteristics. Interestingly, with Groovy++ you can mix "static" and "dynamic" capabilities such that even in annotated classes dynamic components like Groovy builders can be used. However, this comes at the expense of losing a few meta-programming tricks.
JAXenter: Who is actually behind Groovy + +?
Dierk König: The approach was founded by Alex Tkachman, formerly of JetBrains, creator of the Java / Groovy cross-compiler, co-founder of G2One and Groovy core committer. More Groovy core committers have joined recently.
JAXenter: Why does Groovy need an extension?
Dierk König: Groovy is an extension of Java, not a replacement. We have always ensured that one can switch seamlessly between both languages. When optimizing for performance, Groovy projects have traditionally moved critical parts (often a few classes only) to Java. That remains possible. But for many programmers, that was not good enough. They wanted to implement even these parts with the simplicity of Groovy. That is now possible.
JAXenter: At JAX 2010 you will be moderating the Java Language Days together with Markus Völter. Are you also planning to talk about Groovy + + ? And what else can conference attendees expect from those days?
Dierk König: I am planning to talk about Groovy ++ at the "Groovy stars in the firmament,” and it is certainly an issue at the Groovy PowerWorkshop and the Speaker's panel. The conference participants will also see an interesting combination of Groovy + + demonstrated with concurrent programming in Groovy. Here we are entering new territory, because concepts of parallelism and high performance applications are finally possible with an easily understandable language. I would like to mention that at the moment, Groovy + + is still at an experimental stage and is far from being finished. The future is within your grasp!
Dierk König will deliver two JAX London sessions and one shorttalk on topics relevant to the Groovy ecosystem. He will also present the key concepts of Groovy during the Scala, Groovy, JRuby, Clojure: Which JVM language is for you? For more information, please visit the JAX London website.